Why will there be famine in 2023? | Why will there be a famine in 2023?
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Currently, people of many countries, including Bangladesh, are unable to buy the necessary food due to the rise in commodity prices all over the world. The worse news is that the crisis is unlikely to end soon. Rather, there is a high possibility of a terrible famine in the whole world next year. Different types of warnings have been given by various international organizations regarding the possible food shortage in 2023. In recent times, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has advised several times to take pre-famine preparations. Not only in Asia or Africa, but also in the so-called developed countries of Europe and America, inflation and food crisis have increased more than before. After all, signs of a global famine have already begun. Is there really going to be a terrible famine in 2023? And if famine comes, what are the possible causes of famine? Neoteric IT will be discussed about that
Why will there be a famine in 2023 - NeotericIT.com
Several international organizations working on food security have already published several reports, giving a glimpse of the food crisis intensifying next year. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Food Program have already said that by 2023 severe food shortages could occur in 45 countries of the world. About 20 crore people of these countries may face very dire situation. Among the famine-prone countries are several countries in the African continent. Ethiopia, Nigeria, Somalia and South Sudan could be the worst. In addition, the food security of Yemen and Afghanistan in the Asian continent is also dangerous. Bangladesh is among the 45 countries in danger of food shortage. The head of the World Food Program said that food production will decrease in different countries of the world and another big reason will be war and shortage of fertilizers. He also said that this is going to be a crisis that we have not seen in our lifetime.
Read more: Why and why the reserve of Bangladesh has decreased
Causes of world food crisis
Why the world food crisis? Why famine in most countries?
After the start of the Russia-Ukraine war , the African Development Bank said in a report that there has been a huge shortage of fertilizers in various African countries. If this situation continues, the food production of the African continent will decrease by 20%. In June this year, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned that there was a risk of several famine declarations in 2022. And in 2023 this situation may worsen. Several reasons have been identified for possible famine in 45 countries of the world. The reasons are:
- Russia-Ukraine War,
- climate change ,
- Corona epidemic
- Rising commodity prices
About one-third of the world's wheat and barley are grown in Russia and the Ukraine as a broad-based crop. Not only that, 70 percent of the global demand for sunflower oil comes from this region. Ukraine alone produces 40% of the world's sunflowers and 16% of corn. Since the start of the war, the agricultural system of the region has completely collapsed. As a result, there is a shortage of food crops needed in the world. Due to the same reason, a crisis of edible oil was created some time ago. As a result, the price of soybean oil in the Bangladesh market became uncontrollable. Since the situation is not very stable, there will be a huge shortage of food from Russia and Ukraine next year. The Russia-Ukraine war is not only contributing to the food shortage in the region but also to the entire world.
The reason for the world food crisis is the increase in the price of fertilizers
Due to the war, the price of fertilizers has increased worldwide. The reason for this is that a large part of the chemical fertilizers needed by the whole world is produced in Russia. 25 percent of the earth's nitrogen fertilizers, 22 percent of ammonia fertilizers, Russia produces 14% of urea and phosphate fertilizers. Ukraine also has many types of chemical fertilizer factories. Fertilizers from this region have not been exported since the start of the war. Not only that, due to the increase in natural gas prices, the cost of fertilizer production has also increased in other parts of the world. According to a report by the International Monetary Fund or IMF, the world's 48 most affected countries will have to spend an additional 9 billion dollars due to the increase in food and fertilizer prices. Fertilizer prices are very high in the world market now and it is feared that fertilizer may not be available next year. 60% of the world's food insecure people live in war-torn areas. The Ukraine war has shown us how bad food shortages can be due to war. If this war continues, there is a danger that the situation will deteriorate further in the coming days. Showed with fingers how bad food shortages can be due to war. If this war continues, there is a danger that the situation will deteriorate further in the coming days. Showed with fingers how bad food shortages can be due to war. If this war continues, there is a danger that the situation will deteriorate further in the coming days.
Read more: Dollar crisis in Bangladesh
Global food crisis due to climate
The second most important cause of possible famine in 2023 is climate related. Due to climate change, food production has become very difficult all over the world. Somewhere in the world is not experiencing extreme floods or some other region is suffering from drought. About two-thirds of the world's people live in Southeast Asian countries. More than 120 million people in the region live directly at risk of flooding. Of this, China and India alone have about 80 million people at risk of severe floods. A few months ago, a large amount of mustard was damaged due to untimely planting in Bangladesh. Not just Asia, Australia to Nigeria, Venezuela to California, No region of the world is free from floods. On the contrary, many fertile areas are experiencing widespread water scarcity. Australia is also at the top in terms of drought in addition to banana. The worst drought in the past 1000 years has occurred in the food exporting countries of South America. Chile has experienced a 13-year drought. In addition, in several countries including Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, and Bolivia, drought has created a shortage of in-demand staples like corn, soybeans, coffee, sugar, and cotton.
World food crisis due to corona epidemic
Apart from the climatic factors, the negative impact of the corona epidemic on the world economy has not yet been overcome. Global food prices have skyrocketed as a result of the stockpile of essential commodities created during the pandemic. The rate at which food prices are still rising will make it difficult for many to buy food in the coming years. The fact that not only food but also the cost of living as a whole has increased greatly may be due to food shortage. International organizations working on food security are already struggling to manage their activities. The World Food Program said in their report that they could have fed 40 million more people per month with the increased operating costs now compared to 2019. In 2023, if the world faces a food crisis, Bangladesh will not be too safe from that. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina Unbridled inflation associated with the entire world that the famine has indicated has created a major crisis for the poor people of Bangladesh. Bangladesh has not only inflation, but also dollar crisis, energy crisis and climate change. Due to low rainfall in Bangladesh, the yield of Aman rice is feared to be affected. Inflation on the one hand and shortage of food products in the domestic and international markets can lead Bangladesh to a much more fragile situation. Many countries in the world are already stopping food exports. Or imposing higher tariffs to discourage food exports. Many countries may tighten restrictions on food exports if there is a global food crisis. Therefore, it will not be right to depend on the international market for food grains in the coming days. There are also issues related to the dollar crisis, energy crisis and climate change. Due to low rainfall in Bangladesh, the yield of Aman rice is feared to be affected. Inflation on the one hand and shortage of food products in the domestic and international markets can lead Bangladesh to a much more fragile situation. Many countries in the world are already stopping food exports. Or imposing higher tariffs to discourage food exports. Many countries may tighten restrictions on food exports if there is a global food crisis. Therefore, it will not be right to depend on the international market for food grains in the coming days.
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Famine in Bangladesh is doable
In order to deal with the famine in Bangladesh, the country's agricultural production must be increased from now on. Agriculture is the main safeguard of Bangladesh's survival from food shortages. In a message given on the occasion of World Food Day, President Md. Abdul Hamid said that if agricultural production is increased, besides controlling inflation, it will be possible to earn valuable foreign exchange by exporting food products to the world market at higher prices. At the same time, we need to change our eating habits. A habit of eating healthy and nutritious seasonal fruits, vegetables and animal meat in moderate amounts should be developed in the daily diet.
Famine in 2023?
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